It is believed that Buddhism originated in northern India during 6th century BC. Buddhism is recognized as one of the fastest growing religions in the world.
Buddhism was founded by Siddhartha Gautama known as Lord Buddha. Word “Buddha” means “the awakened one.” Around 2500 years ago Lord Buddha was born in a royal family of Nepal. He was living a luxury life until he came across an old man, a sick man and a dead body for first time. Disturbed by these miseries of the human lives he became a monk. At the age of 35 Gautam attained enlightenment and became Buddha. He spent rest of his life teaching the path of enlightenment.
Buddhists have observed that nothing is fixed or permanent in the world. Buddhism focuses on personal spiritual development through inner truth, wisdom and meditation.
Four Noble Truths
Dukha, Samudaya, Nirodha, Marga
All existence is dukkha or suffering
The cause of suffering is craving
The cessation of suffering comes with the cessation of craving
There is a path that free human being from suffering
Eightfold Noble Path Buddhism
Right view leads to right thought, right speech, right behaviour, right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness and right concentration.
Twelve cause-conditions of Dependent Origination
The origin of suffering is ignorance about the four noble truths
Ignorance conditions volitional activities of body, mind and speech
Volitional activities condition rebirth consciousness
Consciousness conditions name-form or what we turn out to be
Name-form conditions the six senses
Six senses condition contact or convergence of the object, sense and knower
Contact conditions sensation
Sensation conditions craving
Craving conditions clinging
Clinging conditions becoming
Becoming conditions birth
Birth conditions aging and death
This is the law of cause and effect.